Improving effect of garlic (Allium sativum) powder as a supplement on growth performance and immune system of Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii) juveniles

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MsC Graduated Student, Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Islamic Azad University Branch of Rasht, Rasht, Iran

2 Assistant Professor in Department of Fisheries, Dr. Keyvan Research Center for Fisheries

3 Associate Professor in Caspian Sea International Sturgeon Research, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Rasht, Iran


Effect of different level of Allium sativum on growth performances and some immune system indices of juvenile Acipenser baerii were investigated. 150 Acipenser baerii juveniles by the average weight of 30.45±0.40g without significant difference were stocked in fifteen fiberglass tanks and fed by five diets with different level of added garlic powder (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2%), including AS0، AS0.5، AS1،AS1.5، AS2 for 8 weeks. At the end of the feeding trial, highest of final weight, weight gain, daily growth rate, the specific growth rate was due to fish fed by AS0.5 and AS1 which had a significant difference with fish fed by control (AS0) diet (P<0.05). The best food conversion ratio was recorded in fish fed by AS1 diet (P<0.05). Fish fed AS1 had highest protein efficiency ratio compared other treatments (P<0.05). A significant increasing amount of plasma lysozyme were found in fish fed AS1 and AS1.5 compared control (P<0.05). However, the highest of the value of IgM were recorded in AS1.5 (P<0.05). Complement (C4) was not affected on different levels of garlic. Results of this study indicated that Allium sativum (1 and 1.5%) had a positive effect on growth rate and some of the immune system (lysozyme and IgM) of Acipenser baerii.


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