تاثیر ماده رنگزای صنعتی BR46 در القا تنش اکسیداتیو و بررسی توانایی پالایش زیستی آن توسط سرخس آبزی Salvinia natans

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی


1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی گیاهی، گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

3 دکتری فیزیولوژی گیاهی، گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران


مواد رنگزای آزو مهم­ترین و پرکاربردترین ترکیبات رنگزای مورد استفاده در صنایع مختلف هستند. این گروه از آلاینده­ها برای حیات آبزیان تهدید به شمار می­آیند. در مطالعه حاضر تاثیر سه غلظت مختلف (20،10،0 میلی‌گرم در لیتر) از ماده رنگزای BR46 بر شاخص­های فیزیولوژیک سرخس آبزی Salvinia natans در یک دوره تیماردهی 7 روزه بررسی شد. همچنین توانایی پالایش زیستی این ماده توسط گیاه    S. natans ارزیابی شد. بر اساس نتایج به دست آمده مقدار کلروفیل a و کلروفیل کل بر خلاف کلروفیل b در غلظت 20 میلی‌گرم در لیتر نسبت به شاهد کاهش یافت. غلظت کاروتنوئید کل در غلظت 20 میلی‌گرم در لیتر به میزان 72 درصد افزایش یافت. در غلظت 20 میلی‌گرم در لیتر نرخ رشد نسبی و شاخص تاثیرپذیری به ترتیب کاهش و افزایش یافت. غلظت گلیکوزید سیانیدین، پراکسیداسیون لیپید و فعالیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی در هر دو غلظت 10 و 20 میلی‌گرم در لیتر افزایش یافت. بیشترین کارایی پالایش زیستی در روز هفتم تیماردهی و در غلظت 20 میلی‌گرم در لیتر مشاهده شد. به این ترتیب گیاه S. natans توانایی حذف ماده رنگزای BR46 از آب­های آلوده را دارد، ولی حضور هر دو غلظت 10 و 20 میلی‌گرم در لیتر از رنگ، القای فعالیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی و خطر تنش اکسیداتیو را برای گیاه S. natans به دنبال دارد.


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